“Your throne, O God, is forever and ever; a scepter of righteousness is the scepter of Your kingdom (Psalm 45:6).”
For the last few weeks we have been examining the teaching known as Premillennialism – the belief that Jesus will return to secretly rapture the righteous out of the world and sit on the literal throne of David for 1,000 years in Jerusalem after a 7 year period of tribulation. In our final review on this belief we will focus on the notion that Jesus Himself will sit on David’s literal throne as Premillennialists (PM’s) teach.
PM’s point to God’s promise to David to establish His throne forever and to always have a descendant seated on the throne of Israel (2 Samuel 7:12-13). God promised David that He would establish his throne forever. But as we examined last week, God’s covenants are conditional upon faithfulness. God is always faithful but men are not. Solomon understood this as he ascended to his father’s throne saying; “Therefore, Lord God of Israel, now keep what You promised Your servant David my father, saying, ‘You shall not fail to have a man sit before Me on the throne of Israel, only IF your sons take heed to their way, that they walk in My law as you have walked before Me (2 Chronicles 6:16).’” But those descendants of David did not continue in God’s law and by the time of Jehoiachin (a.k.a. Jeconiah, or Coniah). God explicitly stated that none of his descendants would rule again and that he himself would be childless in regard to the throne (Jeremiah 22:24-30). Because of the family’s sins God cut them off from the throne of David (Jeremiah 36:30-31). So this promise to the literal throne of David ceased.
But God did not fail to keep this promise to David (Psalm 89:34-37) to put a descendent on his throne and establish it forever. When God made this covenant with David He promised him, He announced the time when this would be fulfilled – When David’s days were fulfilled and he slept with his fathers, God would establish this one’s throne forever (2 Samuel 7:12-13). After David’s death (when he slept with his fathers) God would raise up one of his descendants to sit on his throne forever. PM’s incorporate this into their doctrine and say that this will be during the supposed 1,000 year rule of Christ on a literal throne in Jerusalem, after the rapture and the tribulation and after all of the righteous dead are raised. But this is too late to match what God promised David.
The time to look for this is not after David was resurrected, along with his fathers, in the millennium but rather while David was still in the tomb. Peter, by inspiration tells us this was fulfilled on the Day of Pentecost more than 2,000 years ago. The Apostle proclaimed; “Men and brethren, let me speak freely to you of the patriarch David, that he IS both DEAD AND BURIED, and his tomb is with us to this day. Therefore, being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him that of the fruit of his body, according to the flesh, He would raise up the Christ to sit on his throne (Acts 2:29-30).” Christ’s ascension to heaven and His simultaneous accession to the throne aligns with the vision detailed in Daniel 7:12-13. Jesus is now reigning as king.
Not only is Jesus now reigning as king, He is also now serving as our High Priest (Hebrews 8:1). Zechariah, speaking of the Messiah, prophesied that He would sit on the throne and serve as priest at the same time (Zechariah 6:12-13). But the Hebrew writer tells us that Jesus could not serve as priest on earth because He was not of the tribe of Levi (Hebrews 7:13-14, 8:4) which was the only tribe God would allow to serve in this role. The importance of this is that the Hebrew writer affirms that Jesus is now High Priest for us in heaven, not on earth and Zechariah prophesied Him sitting on the throne while serving as Priest. As we have pointed out repeatedly in this series, Jesus was pointing towards spiritual fulfillment of these prophesies and PM’s continue to seek earthly, material fulfillment of these promises.
Jesus is now serving as our King from heaven. And someday, perhaps someday very soon, He will come to deliver His kingdom to the Father (1 Corinthians 15:24) and to take us to that place He has prepared in His Father’s house (John 14:1-3).
“But to the Son He says: ‘Your throne, O God, is forever and ever; a scepter of righteousness is the scepter of Your kingdom (Hebrews 1:8).’”